Fast delivery of the performing websites enriched with all the user-friendly features and functionalities is a common concern of web development companies. Manual website testing to check its compatibility for different browsers and devices many times a day is a tedious and time-consuming tiring process. The automated website testing helps the web developers to deliver error free performance-oriented websites much earlier.
The website testing is the process of checking the website or web app for potential bugs or any other error before it is delivered to make live. The process of website testing goes through various stages to ensure the functionality in all the key domains. The automated website testing has become a key skill for backend developers, frontend developers, and full stack developers. Website testing is performed to ensure peak performance in the following domains-
Functionality: Links, test forms, cookies, HTML and CSS, business workflow
Usability (UX): Site navigation, content
Compatibility: Browser compatibility, device compatibility
Interface (UI): Application, web server, database server
Performance: Responsiveness, loading speed, stress test, behavior, etc
Security testing: Authorization, SSL certificates, etc
The backend developers, frontend developers, and full stack developers use a range of website testing tools to leave no quality void. When you hire website testers, you should focus on experience and perfection in using the advanced automated website testing tools like-
ZAPTEST: Robotic Process Automation; Cross-platform (parallel) execution; API Testing
Testpad: Guest testers; Drag’n’drop management of testing, keyboard-driven editor
TestComplete: Codeless testing; functional UI test, object recognition by ML & AI
Katalon Studio: Selenium-migration support; data-driven testing; cross-browser testing
LambdaTest: Online selenium grid; screenshot testing; parallel test of automation scripts
Ranorex Studio: Cross-browser; end-to-end testing; parallel testing; iOS /Android testing
Acunetix: Security scanner; prioritized risks reporting
The other website testing tools used by the experienced website testers are Netsparker, Test IQ, Experitest, Watir, Serenity, etc.
The selection of website testing tool depends upon the stage, objective, and scope of testing. Key selection parameters for website testing tools are-
Platform support type
License cost (If applicable)
Update/support policy of automation tool vendor
Training cost involved
The success in hiring of the best performers for website testing depends upon the skills they have. Because of availability of the number of website testing tools, you will find a large variation in the skill set of website testers. Although automated website testing has become a part of job profiles of backend developers, frontend developers, and full stack developers, still, web development companies tend to hire dedicated website testing specialists with intention to reduce the workload of full stack developers and frontend developers. The key skills that the hired automated website testers must have are-
Agile Testing: In agile testing, development and testing processes are run in parallel to incorporate the collected feedbacks for better product development and delivery
Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC): The process helps developers to deliver at par to customer expectations within times and estimated cost. It includes seven phases- planning, analysis, designing, develop, test, implement, and maintenance.
Database/ SQL: Structured Query Language, a standard of the American National Standards Institute, is used to connect back end databases (servers) and front end computers (clients).
Defect Tracking tools: These tools helps the website tester to identify, track, and report bugs. The top defect tracking tools are Bugzilla, JIRA, Lean Testing, SpiraTeam, Userback, etc.
Linux commands: More than 90% of public cloud computing systems are powered Linux commands. The most used Linux commands are ls, alias, unalias, pwd, pwd etc.
Time management & Task Organization: The web tester must be familiar with five strategies for perfect time and task management- daily planner, setting reminders, blocking distractions, establishing routine, setting task time limit.
The hired automated website testers are responsible to evaluate and test the website performance on the internet freelancer different quality parameters. The typical roles, commonly mentioned in job profile of automated website testers, include- assessing code, diagnosing performance issues, analyzing UI, analyzing UX quality, detecting security issues, recommending new ways to improve website performance, etc. Documenting the findings and sharing the relevant information to concerned developer is also a part of job for website testing experts. Regular communication with clients to ensure that functional requirements are met up to 100% satisfaction level is also a part of job for web testers.
The increase in website size means more challenges to keep it user-friendly. The advent of new technology and increasing security threats also makes the job of website testers more challenging. On the other side, it drives in more challenges for the website development companies also to have the best testers with upgraded knowledge. The most effective approaches for website testing, every web tester must be familiar with, is based on-
Choosing the right quality parameters for usability testing
Emphasis on testing for cross-browser compatibility
Evaluation of website performance under different conditions
Validating all the security issues
Integration of exploratory testing practices
Professional design, logical navigation, ease of contact, accessibility, relevant content, secured version of HTTP, mobile responsiveness, clear calls to action buttons, SEO optimization, media integration etc are the other quality parameters that should be scaled during website testing.
Automated testing is faster but it needs high-end perfection and technical expertise. The efficiency of the website testing process directly affects the performance of the deliverables. Automated website testing needs a strategic approach constructed around all the possibilities and quality checklist. Website testers must be highly skilled in programming and scripting to create test cases and to automate different scenarios. Manual testing is relatively slow but it can manage some issues that can’t be done with automated process; therefore, you need to follow a hybrid approach for automated testing. The average annual salary of website tester in India is Rs. 120,000 that varies according to job profile, required skills, and experience level.
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