Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a widely used style sheet language for adding style like fonts, colors, spacing etc to web documents. CSS facilitate the developers to digitally describe and display HTML elements for web layouts. CSS is standardized to support the developers to optimize the applications across the web browsers. With release of CSS3, the application scope of specifying HTML elements increased significantly. Almost 96.4% of all the websites are made by using CSS (Source: w3techs.com). The figure itself reflects the demand of CSS developers.
There are three types of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS):
Inline CSS: It contains CSS property in a body section linked with element
Internal or Embedded CSS: It is used to style a single HTML document uniquely. CSS is integrated into HTML file.
External CSS: It contains a separate CSS file containing only the style property. CSS style property written with .css extension in a separate file is linked to the HTML document by a link tag. Each style can be applied across the web pages.
CSS3, released in 1999, is the latest version of CSS. It is compatible only with IE9 and not with the older versions of browsers.
When you hire a CSS developer, the performance is the key concern. The performance of a web developer highly depends upon the proficiency in CSS tools that simplify the task. Here, I list eight the most used CSS tools that any HTML developer must know to use–
All the web development companies essentially need CSS experts with web development skills. Although there are numbers of alternatives to CSS like Python, PHP, HTML5, Java, Bootstrap, Sass etc but web development companies still rely on CSS for fast CSS layout designing. The nine key benefits of CSS for web design and development are-
CSS3 doesn’t reject older CSS code; because, it is just an addition to CSS1 features. The new features added in CSS3 to support CSS developers for faster web development are-
Box Shadow (Adds shadow to elements)
Opacity (Makes the elements see-through)
Rounded Corners (Border-radius CSS3 property for rounded corner)
Attribute Selectors (No need to applying IDs or classes to style; now, the developers can use HTML elements according to attributes)
New Colors (RGBA, HSL, HSLA, Gradient Colors)
Web-Safe Fonts (Developers can use unique fonts in HTML documents)
Practically each website uses CSS but it is not considered an “equal” in the modern world of web development. CSS web developers are basically the web professionals who are primary responsible to deliver a styled product to a visitor's browser. The key skills that you need to focus on to hire CSS developer are-
There is a consistently increasing demand for junior developers proficient with HTML and CSS. Web development companies easily find CSS developers with hands-on experience because CSS is a basic skill for any one pursuing a career for web development. The average annual salary of CSS developer with 1-2 years’ experience is about Rs. 4.5 Lakhs. The average annual salary of CSS developer with 4-5 years of experience is around Rs. 800,000. If you want to hire freelance CSS developer from a ‘hire a freelancer website’, you may get the good talent @ 410 per hour.
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