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Top JavaScript Automation Testing Frameworks in 2022 to Choose the Best

The worldwide users of JavaScript test automation frameworks are increasing fast. The major reason for the growing popularity of JavaScript automation testing frameworks is that the JavaScript-based testing frameworks simplify automation testing. Today, most front-end web applications and user interfaces are developed with JavaScript.

Reliance on JavaScript Automation Testing

Every software development team tests the developed products, yet, the delivered software products are found having some defects. Software testers strive to identify any defect before the developed product is released, but many times, the minor defects remain unidentified and unaddressed to reappear after product deployment. Here comes the role of JavaScript automation testers to handle many more tasks than just the automated web testing.

“Automated testing is the process of writing a program that tests another program. Writing tests is a bit more work than testing manually, but once you’ve done it, you gain a kind of superpower: it takes you only a few seconds to verify that your program still behaves properly in all the situations you wrote tests for.” - Marijn Haverbeke, Eloquent JavaScript: A Modern Introduction to Programming

Automation testing has become an integral part of any software development for quality and performance checks. All the applications, irrespective to size and type, need to go through automation testing to ensure flawless experience deliverance to the end-users. The following benefits of automation testing are keeping the demand of JavaScript automation testers high-

  • Test automation improves accuracy
  • Test automation increases test coverage
  • Automated testing saves efforts and time
  • Automation testing deals with left-out quality voids during manual testing
  • Automation testing runs itself whenever any source code changes
  • Automation testing reduces repetitive tasks

Reliance on JavaScript Automation Testing

Every software development team tests the developed products, yet, the delivered software products are found having some defects. Software testers strive to identify any defect before the developed product is released, but many times, the minor defects remain unidentified and unaddressed to reappear after product deployment. Here comes the role of JavaScript automation testers to handle many more tasks than just the automated web testing.

“Automated testing is the process of writing a program that tests another program. Writing tests is a bit more work than testing manually, but once you’ve done it, you gain a kind of superpower: it takes you only a few seconds to verify that your program still behaves properly in all the situations you wrote tests for.” - Marijn Haverbeke, Eloquent JavaScript: A Modern Introduction to Programming

Automation testing has become an integral part of any software development for quality and performance checks. All the applications, irrespective to size and type, need to go through automation testing to ensure flawless experience deliverance to the end-users. The following benefits of automation testing are keeping the demand of JavaScript automation testers high-

  • Test automation improves accuracy
  • Test automation increases test coverage
  • Automated testing saves efforts and time
  • Automation testing deals with left-out quality voids during manual testing
  • Automation testing runs itself whenever any source code changes
  • Automation testing reduces repetitive tasks

Objective-Specific JavaScript Automation Tests

JavaScript is being used to commence a range of automation testing. The software testers use a number of JavaScript oriented frameworks to conduct automation tests for quality control at different stages for different objectives. The commonly conducted task-specific JavaScript test automations are for-

Unit Testing: In this testing method JavaScript test code, written for a web application or web page, is integrated with HTML as the inline event handler; then, it is executed in a browser to ensure the performance of functionalities.

Regression Testing: This testing methodology is applied to check the impact of changes made to a system on existing features and functionalities. It reduces risks, detects bugs, ensures smoother transition after adding new features. 

Functional Testing: This testing is conducted to ensure that the developed app performs as per expectations of users. The JavaScript tester writes a test defining the expected functionality under the particular circumstances and run this test against the written code. 

Black Box Testing: Under this test, the app functionalities are tested independent of internal code structure, internal paths, and implementation details. Also known as ‘Behavioral Testing’, the Black Box Testing is majorly focused on inputs and outputs. 

Keyword Testing: Keyword driven testing divides the test cases in different steps like - steps, objects, actions, and data for better understanding. This scripting technique uses data files to carry the particular application related keywords.

Integration Testing: It is conducted to evaluate a system configuration to determine whether it meets the required operating specifications. The test scope scales users’ interest, code, a class, a package, a service, a function, etc. 

Smoke Testing: This test consists of unit and functional tests of software functionality. It ensures- correct start of program, functionality of control buttons, and saving new test user accounts. It helps to catch bugs missed during previous tests.

Data-Driven Testing: Also called table-driven testing, this testing method allows JavaScript testers to input one test script to execute tests for all the tabulated test data and to get the test results in the same table. It eliminates the need of individual testing for each data set. To do it right- go through this video- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgbbB46BU2Q

Objective-Specific JavaScript Automation Tests

JavaScript is being used to commence a range of automation testing. The software testers use a number of JavaScript oriented frameworks to conduct automation tests for quality control at different stages for different objectives. The commonly conducted task-specific JavaScript test automations are for-

Unit Testing: In this testing method JavaScript test code, written for a web application or web page, is integrated with HTML as the inline event handler; then, it is executed in a browser to ensure the performance of functionalities.

Regression Testing: This testing methodology is applied to check the impact of changes made to a system on existing features and functionalities. It reduces risks, detects bugs, ensures smoother transition after adding new features. 

Functional Testing: This testing is conducted to ensure that the developed app performs as per expectations of users. The JavaScript tester writes a test defining the expected functionality under the particular circumstances and run this test against the written code. 

Black Box Testing: Under this test, the app functionalities are tested independent of internal code structure, internal paths, and implementation details. Also known as ‘Behavioral Testing’, the Black Box Testing is majorly focused on inputs and outputs. 

Keyword Testing: Keyword driven testing divides the test cases in different steps like - steps, objects, actions, and data for better understanding. This scripting technique uses data files to carry the particular application related keywords.

Integration Testing: It is conducted to evaluate a system configuration to determine whether it meets the required operating specifications. The test scope scales users’ interest, code, a class, a package, a service, a function, etc. 

Smoke Testing: This test consists of unit and functional tests of software functionality. It ensures- correct start of program, functionality of control buttons, and saving new test user accounts. It helps to catch bugs missed during previous tests.

Data-Driven Testing: Also called table-driven testing, this testing method allows JavaScript testers to input one test script to execute tests for all the tabulated test data and to get the test results in the same table. It eliminates the need of individual testing for each data set. To do it right- go through this video- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgbbB46BU2Q

Nine Frameworks for JavaScript Automation Testing in 2022-Year

Every size business, irrespective of its size and nature, strives to incorporate the best automation testing process in release cycles because automation testing reduces the efforts for validating repetitive tests. Because of the increasing demand for software test automation and automated web testing, a number of JavaScript testing frameworks have emerged to cater to different objectives; some JavaScript testing frameworks are good for unit testing, while other frameworks are good for end-to-end testing. Here I am listing nine frameworks for JavaScript automation testing that you can rely on for being the best at least in 2022-

  1. Jest - Comes with advanced capabilities because of a bunch of tools like snapshot testing
  2. Jasmine- A features-enriched JavaScript test automation framework for asynchronous testing
  3. Protractor- The best choice for testing AngularJs applications
  4. Selenium Webdriver- The most used JavaScript test automation framework for web-applications
  5. Buster.JS- A good choice for browser testing and QUnit-style HTML page testing
  6. DalekJS- Ideal open source choice for UI test automation tool for cross-browser testing
  7. Karma- Good to perform automation JavaScript testing on browsers and real devices
  8. Cypress.io i- A popular developer-centric automation test framework for test-driven development (TDD)
  9. Nightwatch- A good choice for end-to-end automation testing of Node.js based web apps

We can categorize the JavaScript automation testing frameworks according to specific objectives-

Automation Testing Objectives

Frameworks 

UI Automation

WebdriverJS, WebdriverIO, Protractor, Nightwatch

Mock Automation

Sinon

API Automation

Frisby, SuperTest, PactumJS

Mobile Automation

JsLint, JSHint, ESLint

Behavior Driven Development testing

MochaJS, Jasmine, Chai, Intern, CucumberJS

Performance, stress & load testing

Artillery, k6

Nine Frameworks for JavaScript Automation Testing in 2022-Year

Every size business, irrespective of its size and nature, strives to incorporate the best automation testing process in release cycles because automation testing reduces the efforts for validating repetitive tests. Because of the increasing demand for software test automation and automated web testing, a number of JavaScript testing frameworks have emerged to cater to different objectives; some JavaScript testing frameworks are good for unit testing, while other frameworks are good for end-to-end testing. Here I am listing nine frameworks for JavaScript automation testing that you can rely on for being the best at least in 2022-

  1. Jest - Comes with advanced capabilities because of a bunch of tools like snapshot testing
  2. Jasmine- A features-enriched JavaScript test automation framework for asynchronous testing
  3. Protractor- The best choice for testing AngularJs applications
  4. Selenium Webdriver- The most used JavaScript test automation framework for web-applications
  5. Buster.JS- A good choice for browser testing and QUnit-style HTML page testing
  6. DalekJS- Ideal open source choice for UI test automation tool for cross-browser testing
  7. Karma- Good to perform automation JavaScript testing on browsers and real devices
  8. Cypress.io i- A popular developer-centric automation test framework for test-driven development (TDD)
  9. Nightwatch- A good choice for end-to-end automation testing of Node.js based web apps

We can categorize the JavaScript automation testing frameworks according to specific objectives-

Automation Testing Objectives

Frameworks 

UI Automation

WebdriverJS, WebdriverIO, Protractor, Nightwatch

Mock Automation

Sinon

API Automation

Frisby, SuperTest, PactumJS

Mobile Automation

JsLint, JSHint, ESLint

Behavior Driven Development testing

MochaJS, Jasmine, Chai, Intern, CucumberJS

Performance, stress & load testing

Artillery, k6

How to Choose JavaScript Test Automation Framework-Six Tips

To get the benefits of JavaScript automated web testing or app testing, you need to choose the right automation test framework. Since every web, app, and business solution development is different, therefore, the selection of automation testing framework should be made accordingly. So what are key selection parameters for the best JavaScript test automation framework? Here are six tips to help you choose the right JavaScript automated web testing platform-

  • triangle arrowList the project requirements with a focus on specific problems
  • triangle arrowDefine the test automation budget (open-source, commercial, or customized)
  • triangle arrowReview the tech stack (Suitability to iOS and Android)
  • triangle arrowAnalyze and compare (Comparison matrix tool gives a fair idea about the suitability)
  • triangle arrowVerify the choice for the selected framework (Develop a proof of concept (POC))
  • triangle arrowPlace all the parameters together and decide (Compare strong/weak points, cost, benefits)

Understanding the project objectives, recognizing the team’s strengths as well as weaknesses, and making an in-depth analysis of the chosen framework will help you go right for web and app testing.

How to Choose JavaScript Test Automation Framework-Six Tips

To get the benefits of JavaScript automated web testing or app testing, you need to choose the right automation test framework. Since every web, app, and business solution development is different, therefore, the selection of automation testing framework should be made accordingly. So what are key selection parameters for the best JavaScript test automation framework? Here are six tips to help you choose the right JavaScript automated web testing platform-

  • triangle arrowList the project requirements with a focus on specific problems
  • triangle arrowDefine the test automation budget (open-source, commercial, or customized)
  • triangle arrowReview the tech stack (Suitability to iOS and Android)
  • triangle arrowAnalyze and compare (Comparison matrix tool gives a fair idea about the suitability)
  • triangle arrowVerify the choice for the selected framework (Develop a proof of concept (POC))
  • triangle arrowPlace all the parameters together and decide (Compare strong/weak points, cost, benefits)

Understanding the project objectives, recognizing the team’s strengths as well as weaknesses, and making an in-depth analysis of the chosen framework will help you go right for web and app testing.

Pro Tip

Each JavaScript automation testing should target a specific use case; it will reduce the size of the test case. You can run multiple independent and small test cases in parallel to receive the QA results faster.

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